A new report from the National Academies found that women in the US are being locked out of science and engineering jobs, not by inability, but by bias. The study found that women are just as capable in all areas as men, but are "paid less and promoted more slowly, receive fewer honors, and hold fewer leadership positions."
"These discrepancies do not appear to be based on productivity, the significance of their work, or any other performance measures."
Female minorities fare the worst, the study found. And the expert panel said the discrepancies are costing the country many talented leaders and researchers and recommended immediate and far-reaching changes to change the balance.
Rationale or excuses for the under-representation of women in math, science and engineering has been centered around supposed biological differences. But the reality is that there is no performance difference between men and women.
The committee found no sound evidence to support these myths and often good evidence to the contrary.
In fact, female performance in high school mathematics now matches that of males.